Murphy Paul, A. (2015, September 13). Are college lectures unfair? [Editorial]. The New York Times, p. SR12. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/opinion/sunday/are-college-lectures-unfair.html

The theory that college lectures are biased against students who are low-income, female, a minority or are first-generation college attendees is proposed in this opinion piece. The author argues that lectures are biased in their format of active learning, which leaves out those who feel less inclined to contribute during class. He then proposes that a flipped classroom is a better format and a better equalizer for all students.